Stationary and time-dependent correlations in polariton condensates
The statistics of the condensed polaritons is described in terms of the Wigner function. In the framework of the truncated Wigner method, the Wigner function obeys a Fokker-Planck equation, which is solved analytically. The second-order correlations in the stationary state are in excellent agreement with those obtained from the numerical solution of the master equation and show a qualitative and, well above threshold, also quantitative agreement with recent experiments. Furthermore, the contributions of the different noise effects that influence the polariton ground-state statistics are explicitly defined. Exploiting the equivalence between Fokker-Planck and Langevin descriptions of stochastic processes, the time-dependent correlations of the polaritons close to the stationary state are derived. An explicit expression for the polariton linewidth is obtained, whose numerical values reproduce qualitatively the experimental ones. Finally, the limit of validity of the truncated Wigner method in the present model is discussed.