Nondetection Zone Assessment of an Active Islanding Detection Method and its Experimental Evaluation
This paper analytically determines the nondetection zone (NDZ) of an active islanding detection method, and proposes a solution to obviate the NDZ. The method actively injects a negative-sequence current through the interface voltage-sourced converter (VSC) of a distributed generation (DG) unit, as a disturbance signal for islanding detection. The estimated magnitude of the corresponding negative-sequence voltage at the PCC is used as the islanding detection signal. In this paper, based on a laboratory test system, the performance of the islanding detection method under UL1741 anti-islanding test conditions is evaluated. Then, determining the NDZ of the method and proposing the countermeasure, the existence of the NDZ and the performance of the modified method to eliminate the NDZ is verified based on simulation results in PSCAD/EMTDC software environment and experimental tests.