Infoscience

Journal article

Deciphering Three Beneficial Effects of 2,2 '-Bipyridine-N,N '-Dioxide on the Luminescence Sensitization of Lanthanide(III) Hexafluoroacetylacetonate Ternary Complexes

Lanthanide hexafluoroacetylacetonate ternary complexes with 2,2'-bipyridine-N,N'-dioxide, [Ln(hfa)(3)(bpyO2)], were synthesized for Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, and Lu and fully characterized by elemental, thermal, and mass-spectrometric analyses. The X-ray crystal structure of [Eu(hfa)(3)(bpyO2)] center dot 0.5C(6)H(6) reveals an octa-coordinate metal ion lying in a severely distorted trigonal dodecahedron geometry; the Eu-O distances lie in the range 2.36-2.44 angstrom with no significant difference between hfa and bpyO2. angstrom detailed comparative photophysical investigation has been carried out to determine the exact influence of the introduction of bpyO2 in the inner coordination sphere of the metal ion in replacement of the two water molecules in [Ln(hfa)(3)(H2O)(2)]center dot While this replacement is detrimental for Tb, it leads to a 15-fold increase in the overall quantum yield for Eu. This large improvement originates from (i) a better sensitization efficiency, the ancillary ligand being responsible for 3/4 of the energy transfer, (ii) elimination of nonradiative deactivation pathways through'harmonics of O-H vibrations, and (iii) reduction in the radiative lifetime. The latter influence is rarely documented, but it accounts here for a approximate to 25% increase in the intrinsic quantum yield, so that more attention should be given to this parameter when designing highly luminescent lanthanide complexes.

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