Unconventional Use of LC3 by Coronaviruses through the Alleged Subversion of the ERAD Tuning Pathway
Pathogens of bacterial and viral origin hijack pathways operating in eukaryotic cells in many ways in order to gain access into the host, to establish themselves and to eventually produce their progeny. The detailed molecular characterization of the subversion mechanisms devised by pathogens to infect host cells is crucial to generate targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we review recent data indicating that coronaviruses probably co-opt membranous carriers derived from the endoplasmic reticulum, which contain proteins that regulate disposal of misfolded polypeptides, for their replication. In addition, we also present models describing potential mechanisms that coronaviruses could employ for this hijacking.
Keywords: coronaviruses ; nidoviruses ; double-membrane vesicles ; Mhv ; SARS-coronavirus ; autophagy ; EDEMosomes ; Edem1 ; Os-9 ; Erad ; ER quality control ; Acute-Respiratory-Syndrome ; Feline Infectious Peritonitis ; Endoplasmic-Reticulum Stress ; Mouse Hepatitis-Virus ; Sars-Coronavirus ; Autophagosome Formation ; Replication Complex ; Spike Protein ; Molecular Characterization ; Mammalian Autophagy
Record created on 2011-12-16, modified on 2016-08-09