Cyclopropanes and Hypervalent Iodine Reagents: High Energy Compounds for Applications in Synthesis and Catalysis
One of the major challenges faced by organic chemistry is the efficient synthesis of increasingly complex molecules. Since October 2007, the Laboratory of Catalysis and Organic Synthesis (LCSO) at EPFL has been working on the development of catalytic reactions based on the Umpolung of the innate reactivity of functional groups. Electrophilic acetylene synthons have been developed using the exceptional properties of ethynyl benziodoxolone (EBX) hypervalent iodine reagents for the alkynylation of heterocycles and olefins. The obtained acetylenes are important building blocks for organic chemistry, material sciences and chemical biology. The ring-strain energy of donor-acceptor cyclopropanes was then used in the first catalytic formal honno-Nazarov cyclization. In the case of aminocyclopropanes, the method could be applied in the synthesis of the alkaloids aspidospermidine and goniomitine. The developed methods are expected to have a broad potential for the synthesis and functionalization of complex organic molecules, including carbocycles and heterocycles.
Keywords: Acetylenes ; Activated cyclopropanes ; Catalysis ; Hypervalent iodine ; Synthesis ; Direct Alkynylation ; Organic-Synthesis ; Cyclization ; Heterocycles ; Aminocyclopropanes ; Alkenes ; Indole
Record created on 2011-12-16, modified on 2016-08-09