Journal article

Graphene Nanoplatelet Cathode for Co(III)/(II) Mediated Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) in the form of thin semitransparent film on F-doped SnO2 (FTO) exhibit high electrocatalytic activity for Co(L)(2); where L is 6-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2,2'-bipyridine. The exchange current densities for the Co(2+/)3(+)(L)(2) redox reaction scaled linearly with the GNP film's optical absorbance, and they were by 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than those for the l(3-)/l(-) couple on the same electrode. The electrocatalytic activity of GNP films with optical transmission below 88% is outperforming the activity of platinized FTO for the CO2+/3+(L)(2) redox reaction. Dye-sensitized solar cells with Y123 dye adsorbed on TiO2 photoanode achieved energy conversion efficiencies between 8 and 10% for both GNP and Pt-based cathodes. However, the cell with GNP cathode is superior to that with Pt-FTO cathode particularly in fill factors and in the efficiency at higher illumination intensities.


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