This paper deals with model predictive control of uncertain linear discrete-time systems with polytopic constraints on the input and chance constraints on the states. When having polytopic constraints and bounded disturbances, the robust problem with an open-loop prediction formulation is known to be conservative. Recently, a tractable closed-loop prediction formulation was introduced, which can reduce the conservatism of the robust problem. We show that in the presence of chance constraints and stochastic disturbances, this closed-loop formulation can be used together with a tractable approximation of the chance constraints to further increase the performance while satisfying the chance constraints with the predefined probability.