Increasing energy efficiency in building climate control using weather forecasts and model predictive control
This paper presents an investigation of how Model Predictive Control (MPC) and weather predictions can increase the energy efficiency in Integrated Room Automation (IRA) while respecting occupant comfort. IRA deals with the simultaneous control of heating, ventilation and air conditioning as well as blind positioning and electric lighting such that the room temperature as well as CO2 and luminance levels stay within given comfort ranges. MPC is an advanced control technique which, when applied to buildings, employs a model of the building dynamics and solves an optimization problem to determine the optimal control inputs. The result is an optimal plan in the sense that it takes into account the future weather and internal gains and controls the HVAC, light and blind units to minimize energy costs while respecting comfort constraints. Through a large-scale factorial simulation study we show that MPC coupled with weather predictions is beneficial in terms of energy efficiency and occupant comfort. In particular, we investigate the control performance, the impact of the accuracy of weather predictions as well as the robustness and tunability of the control strategy.
Record created on 2011-10-24, modified on 2016-08-09