Preliminary experiments have shown that the quality of printed images depends on the capacity of the printing system to accurately reproduce details.1 We propose to improve the quality of printed images by compensating for the Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) of the printing system. The MTF of the printing system is measured using the method proposed by Jang and Allebach,2 in which test pages consisting of series of patches with different 1D sinusoidal modulations (modified to improve the accuracy of the results3) are printed, scanned and analyzed. Then the MTF is adaptively compensated in the Fourier domain, depending both on frequency and local mean values. Results of a category judgment experiment show significant improvement as the printed MTF compensated images obtain the best scores.