Dynamics of individual rotational states in an electrostatic guide for neutral molecules
The guiding properties of individual rotational states of deuterated ammonia inside an electrostatic hexapole guide are presented. The guide is combined with resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization detection to assess the guiding probabilities and velocity distributions as a function of the rotational quantum numbers J and K. Due to the differences in the effective dipole moment these states are prepared at significantly different translational temperatures. A model is presented that describes the velocity-distribution for individual M-sublevels, and this model is also used to determine a rotational-state dependent translational temperature. Furthermore, the hexapole field has been replaced by a dipole field in order to obtain a band-pass velocity filter. However, the resulting change in the final velocity distribution is similar to that obtained from a hexapole guide but with increased backing pressure, leading to collisional acceleration of the slow molecules.