Shear Buckling Resistance of GFRP Plate Girders
Thin webs of glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) girders are sensitive to shear buckling, which can be considered an in-plane biaxial compression-tension buckling problem, according to the rotated stress field theory. An extensive experimental study was performed, which shows that an increasing transverse tension load significantly increases the buckling and ultimate loads caused by a decrease in the initial imperfections and additional stabilizing effects. The stacking sequence also greatly influenced the buckling behavior. Higher bending stiffness in the compression direction increased the buckling and ultimate loads, while higher bending stiffness in the tension direction changed the buckling mode shape. The general solution obtained using the Fok model accurately modeled the experimental results, while the simplified solution (modified Southwell method) provided accurate results only at higher tension loads. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000167. (C) 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Keywords: Composite beams ; Shear forces ; Buckling ; Postbuckling ; Biaxial tests ; Numerical analysis ; Initial Imperfections ; Biaxial Compression ; Boundary-Conditions ; Rectangular-Plates ; Behavior ; Panels ; Loads
Record created on 2011-09-07, modified on 2016-08-09