Journal article

Electrochemical model of solid oxide fuel cell for simulation at the stack scale. Part II: Implementation of degradation processes

The degradation of the electrochemical performance of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) devices is a major hurdle to overcome before commercialisation. The interplay between the phenomena and the long testing times complicate the research, which highlights the relevance of modelling to propose mitigation approaches. This study comprises two parts. This Part II proposes approaches for the simulation of the degradation induced by: (i) interconnect corrosion, (ii) loss of ionic conductivity of the ion-conducting materials, (iii) nickel particle growth in the anode, (iv) chromium contamination and (v) formation of insulating phases in the cathode. The literature survey highlights the lack of data for a completely consistent calibration of the models, despite the simplifications. The support for the implementation is the electrochemical model validated in Part I and a two-dimensional model of the cell and interconnection system. The cathode largely contributes to the degradation. The local overpotential predominantly governs chromium contamination, which can promote the formation of insulating phases, as operation proceeds. The local electronic current density has comparatively a weak direct influence on the degradation. Qualitative agreement with experimental data from the literature could be achieved, without dedicated adjustments of the parameters. (C) 2011 The Electrochemical Society. [DOI: 10.1149/1.3596435] All rights reserved.


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