Journal article

Mechanisms of Phenol Ozonation-Kinetics of Formation of Primary and Secondary Reaction Products

Organic acids are part of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) formed from natural organic matter (NOM) during ozonation for drinking water production. To elucidate the formation of organic acids, phenol as surrogate compound for NOM was ozonated while suppressing reactions of (OH)-O-center dot radicals by addition of tert-butanol. Batch experiments show benzoquinone (40 and 18%), catechol (33 and 1%), cis,cis-muconic acid (6 and 3%), and hydroquinone (2 and 7%) to he the most abundant primary products at pH 7 and 3, respectively. The tertiary product oxalic acid was obtained in similar yields from phenol ozonation (0.8%) as during ozonation of lake water (1.6%). Together with other low molecular weight organic acids it was formed upon small ozone exposures, as was shown by time-dependent experiments in time ranges of 0.4-23 and 0.07-1.0 seconds for pH 3 and 7.25, respectively.


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