Bromate in drinking water a problem in Switzerland?
Ozonation of bromide-containing waters causes the formation of bromate which is considered to be potentially carcinogenic. An investigation in Switzerland on water works using ozone (85) has shown that the new drinking water standard of 10 mug/L for bromate is generally not exceeded. This is mainly due to the relatively small bromide concentrations which are typically below 25 mug/L. There is a characteristic relationship between bromate formation and the ozone exposure in a particular water type. This can be used to estimate the integral ozone exposure from the bromate formation which allows the assessment of the efficiency of the disinfection. This new concept is illustrated by means of two examples.