Low-Voltage p- and n-Type Organic Self-Assembled Monolayer Field Effect Transistors
We report on p- and n-type organic self-assembled monolayer held effect transistors. On the base of quaterthiophene and fullerene units, multifunctional molecules were synthesized, which have the ability to self-assemble and provide multifunctional monolayers. The self-assembly approach, based on phosphonic acids, is very robust and allows the fabrication of functional devices even on larger areas. The p- and n-type transistor devices with only one molecular active layer were demonstrated for transistor channel lengths up to 10 mu m. The monolayer composition is proven by electrical experiments and by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, XPS, and AFM experiments. Because of the molecular design and the contribution of isolating alkyl chains to the hybrid dielectric, our devices operate at low supply voltages (-4 V to +4 V), which is a key requirement for practical use and simplifies the integration in standard applications. The monolayer devices operate in ambient air and show hole and electron mobilities of 10(-5) cm(2)/(V s) and 10(-4) cm(2)/(V s) respectively. In particular the n-type operation of self-assembled monolayer transistors has not been reported before. Hereby, structure-property relations of the SAMs have been studied. Furthermore an approach to protect the sensitive C-60 from immediate degradation within the molecular design is provided.