The Effect of Hole Transport Material Pore Filling on Photovoltaic Performance in Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
A detailed investigation of the effect of hole transport material (HTM) pore filling on the photovoltaic performance of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (ss-DSCs) and the specific mechanisms involved is reported. It is demonstrated that the efficiency and photovoltaic characteristics of ss-DSCs improve with the pore filling fraction (PFF) of the HTM, 2,2’,7,7’-tetrakis-( N, N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)9,9’-spirobifluorene(spiro-OMeTAD). The mechanisms through which the improvement of photovoltaic characteristics takes place were studied with transient absorption spectroscopy and transient photovoltage/photocurrent measurements. It is shown that as the spiro- OMeTAD PFF is increased from 26% to 65%, there is a higher hole injection efficiency from dye cations to spiro-OMeTAD because more dye molecules are covered with spiro-OMeTAD, an order-of-magnitude slower recombination rate because holes can diffuse further away from the dye/HTM interface, and a 50% higher ambipolar diffusion coefficient due to an improved percolation network. Device simulations predict that if 100% PFF could be achieved for thicker devices, the efficiency of ss-DSCs using a conventional ruthenium dye would increase by 25% beyond its current value.
Keywords: Photoinduced Absorption-Spectroscopy ; Energy Relay Dyes ; Charge-Transfer ; Efficiency Measurements ; Recombination Kinetics ; Ruthenium Sensitizers ; Diffusion Length ; Spiro-Meotad ; Tio2 ; Electron
Record created on 2011-05-16, modified on 2016-08-09