Evidence for core-hole-mediated inelastic x-ray scattering from metallic Fe1.087Te
We present a detailed analysis of resonant inelastic x-ray scattering from Fe1.087Te with unprecedented energy resolution. In contrast to the sharp peaks typically seen in insulating systems at the transition-metal L-3 edge, we observe spectra which show different characteristic features. For low-energy transfer, we experimentally observe theoretically predicted many-body effects of resonant Raman scattering from a noninteracting gas of fermions. Furthermore, we find that limitations to this many-body electron-only theory are realized at high Raman shift, where an exponential line shape reveals an energy scale not present in these considerations. This regime, identified as emission, requires considerations of lattice degrees of freedom to understand the line shape. We argue that both observations are intrinsic general features of many-body physics of metals.