Measurement of Magnetic Excitations in the Two-Dimensional Antiferromagnetic Sr2CuO2Cl2 Insulator Using Resonant X-Ray Scattering: Evidence for Extended Interactions
We measured the momentum dependence of magnetic excitations in the model spin-1/2 2D antiferromagnetic insulator Sr2CuO2Cl2 (SCOC). We identify a single-spin-wave feature and a multimagnon continuum, with different polarization dependences. The spin waves display a large (70 meV) dispersion between the zone-boundary points (pi, 0) and (pi/2, pi/2). Employing an extended t-t'-t ''-U one-band Hubbard model, we find significant electronic hopping beyond nearest-neighbor Cu ions, indicative of extended magnetic interactions. The spectral line shape at (pi, 0) indicates sizable quantum effects in SCOC and probably more generally in the cuprates.