Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with Foscan (mTHPC) is used to cure early cancers of the esophagus or the tracheobronchial tree. However, fixed PDT parameters (drug dose, light dose, etc.) do not permit an accurate prediction of the tissue damage. Large interpatient fluctuations in tissue drug level, at the time of light application, suggest that the light dose must be adjusted to the drug dose shortly before the PDT. This drug dose can be measured endoscopically by light-induced fluorescence spectroscopy, but this measurement is inconvenient and somewhat difficult. A better test site, yielding comparable information, is needed. The oral cavity seems ideal. However, it first had to be established to what extent the estn. of the drug dose was dependent upon the location of the measurement and the pressure applied to the probe. These measurements prove to be not only correlated to similar measurements in the esophagus or the bronchi but also more consistent and less sensitive to the location and the applied pressure. The buccal mucosa is therefore recommended as a test site for measuring the Foscan fluorescence signal at the time of PDT in the esophagus or the bronchi. This measurement is accurate enough for use in light-dose adjustment.