Coverage-dependent self-assembly of rubrene molecules on different noble metal surfaces, Au(111) and Au(100), Ag(111) and Ag(100), is presented. On Au(111), the homochiral supramolecular assemblies evolve with increasing rubrene coverage from very small structures composed of a few molecules, to honeycomb islets, and to one-dimensional chains of supramolecular pentamers. At higher coverage, the racemic mixture of molecules forms close-packed islands. On Au(100), chains of pentamers and two different types of densely packed islands are formed. On the Ag surfaces, exclusively close-packed islands are created, independently of the rubrene coverage. Moreover, the role of the chiral nature of the molecules in the self-assembly process is discussed, as well as the existence of different molecular conformers depending on the supramolecular assembled phase. The observed differences and similarities reflect the influence of the electronic properties and the geometric structure of the various substrates on molecular self-assembly. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH& Co. KGaA, Weinheim.