PIKfyve is a kinase encoded by pip5k3 involved in phosphatidylinositols (PdtIns) pathways. These lipids building cell membranes have structural functions and are involved in complex intracellular regulations. Mutations in human PIP5K3 are associated with Francois-Neetens mouchetee fleck corneal dystrophy [Li, S., Tiab, L., Jiao, X., Munier, F.L., Zografos, L., Frueh, B.E., Sergeev, Y., Smith, J., Rubin, B., Meallet, M.A., Forster, R.K., Hejtmancik, J.F., Schorderet, D.F., 2005. Mutations in PIP5K3 are associated with Francois-Neetens mouchetee fleck Corneal dystrophy. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 77, 54-63]. We cloned the zebrafish pip5k3 and report its molecular characterization and expression pattern in adult fish as well as during development. The zebrafish PIKfyve was 70% similar to the human homologue. The gene encompassed 42 exons and presented four alternatively spliced variants. It had a widespread expression in the adult organs and was localized in specific cell types in the eye as the cornea, lens, ganglion cell layer, inner nuclear layer and outer limiting membrane. Pip5k3 transcripts were detected in early cleavage stage embryos. Then it was uniformly expressed at 10 somites, 18 somites and 24 hpf. Its expression was then restricted to the head region at 48 hpf, 72 hpf and 5 dpf and partial expression was found in somites at 72 hpf and 5 dpf. In situ on eye sections at 3 dpf showed a staining mainly in lens, outer limiting membrane, inner nuclear layer and ganglion cell layer. A similar expression pattern was found in the eye at 5 dpf. A temporal regulation of the spliced variants was observed at 1, 3 and 5 dpf and they were also found in the adult eye. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.