Infoscience

Journal article

Frequency domain EEG source localization of ictal epileptiform activity in patients with partial complex epilepsy of temporal lobe origin

The aim of this study was to investigate whether EEG source localization in the frequency domain, using the FFT dipole approximation (Lehmann, D. and Michel, C.M. Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol., 1990, 76: 271-276), would be useful for quantifying the frequency content of epileptic seizure activity. Between one and 7 extracranially recorded seizures were analyzed in each of 7 patients with mesolimbic epilepsy, who were seizure-free after temporal lobe resection. The full scalp frequency spectrum for the first 4 s after seizure onset, as well as for subsequent periods, was determined. Power peaks in the spectra were identified, and an instant dipole fit was performed for the frequencies corresponding to these peaks. Ictal frequencies, ranging between 3.5 and 8.5 Hz, showed a variable degree of stability over time in the different patients. For a particular frequency, dipole results were similar during the different phases of seizure development. In patients with more than one prominent frequency, dipole results for the different frequencies were similar. Dipole results were also similar between patients. We conclude that dipole localization of dominant frequencies, as obtained from full scalp FFT analysis, gives quite reproducible results for seizures originating in the mesial temporal area. The method may become a useful tool for the pre-surgical identification of patients with mesolimbic epilepsy.

Related material