Journal article

Modelling hybrid demand (e-commerce “+” traditional) evolution: A scenario planning approach

This work presents a “3 steps–2 aggregation levels” methodological approach for modelling the evolution of the hybriddemand order flow pattern over long time horizons. The hybriddemand is the result of the mutual interaction between the e-commerce and the traditionaldemand. Thus, its modelling requires a complex analysis at various aggregation levels. More specifically, the quantitative modelling and prediction of e-commercedemand is achieved, both at the market (e-sales turnover) and at the operational (order flow) levels. Then, the demand stemming from the traditional sales channels, modified by the e-commerce introduction is specified and formalised. The concurrent presence of dynamic processes and several uncertainty sources as well as the necessity to assess the impact of e-commerce induced demand modifications over a long time horizon justify the development of ademandscenarioplanningapproach.


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