Optimization of powder layer density in selective laser sintering

An important parameter for the overall quality of SLS parts is the density of powder layers before sintering. Previous studies have shown that the control of powder particle shape and size distribution can increase the density of non-packed powder beds. However, these studies concerned beds several orders of magnitude larger than the SLS layers. The purpose of this study is to determine if, and to what extent, the density of thin powder layers can be increased. Experiments show that the density of thin layers increases from 53% to 63% when adding 30% fine powder to the coarse powder, with a coarse-to-fine ratio of 1:10. Compared with the bulk experiments, this density improvement method is less efficient, because the particles do not arrange as efficiently, and the wall effects can become predominant.

Published in:
Solid Freeform Fabrication Proceedings, August 1999, 255-263
Presented at:
10th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (SFF), AUSTIN, TX, Aug 09-11, 1999
University Texas Austin, Mechanical Engineering Dept, Austin, Tx 00000 Usa

 Record created 2010-10-08, last modified 2018-09-13

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