Characterization of two genes, glpQ and ugpQ, encoding glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterases of Escherichia coli.
The nucleotide sequences of the glpQ and ugpQ genes of Escherichia coli, which both encode glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterases, were determined. The glpQ gene encodes a periplasmic enzyme of 333 amino acids, produced initially with a 25 residue long signal sequence, while ugpQ codes for a cytoplasmic protein of 247 amino acids. Despite differences in size and cellular location, significant similarity in the primary structures of the two enzymes was found suggesting a common evolutionary origin. The 3' end of the ugpQ gene overlaps an open reading frame that is transcribed in the opposite direction. This open reading frame encodes a polypeptide with an unusual composition, i.e., 46 of the 146 amino acids are Gln or Asn. This polypeptide and the UgpQ protein were identified in an in vitro transcription/translation system as proteins with apparent molecular weights of 19.5 and 27 kDa, respectively.