For three-dimensional (3D) shape measurement using fringe projection techniques, the information about the 3D shape of an object is encoded in the phase of a recorded fringe pattern. The paper proposes a high-order instantaneous moments based method to estimate phase from a single fringe pattern in fringe projection. The proposed method works by approximating the phase as a piece-wise polynomial and subsequently determining the polynomial coefficients using high-order instantaneous moments to construct the polynomial phase. Simulation results are presented to show the method's potential.