High-resolution excitation and absorption spectroscopy of gas-phase p-coumaric acid: unveiling an elusive chromophore
We report on the first successful high-resolution spectroscopic studies on isolated para-coumaric acid, the chromophore of the photoactive yellow protein which has become a model system for studying biological light induced signal transduction. Employing various double resonance multiphoton ionization techniques in combination with mass-resolved ion detection and the results of quantum chemical calculations, we identify three conformations the molecule can adopt under our experimental conditions. The vibrational activity in the excitation spectra allows us to conclude that in the Franck-Condon region accessed from the ground state S1 is the V’(ππ*) state. Interestingly, we find considerable out-of plane vibrational activity, indicating that the molecule adopts a non-planar geometry in S1. The ionization requirements show that after excitation rapid internal conversion takes place to a lower-lying nπ* state. Such a state has been postulated by ab initio calculations on paracoumaric acid and derivatives, but until the present study no direct evidence had been found for its presence.