Journal article

Quasi-static cyclic tests of two U-shaped reinforced concrete walls

U-shaped or channel-shaped walls are frequently used as lateral strength providing members in reinforced concrete (RC) buildings since their form does not only provide strength and stiffness in any horizontal direction but is also well suited to accommodate elevator shafts or staircases. Despite this popularity, experimental results on the seismic behavior of U-shaped walls are scarce. For this reason a research program with the objective to provide additional experimental evidence for such walls under seismic loading was developed. It included quasi-static cyclic testing of two U-shaped walls at the structural engineering laboratories of the ETH Zurich. The walls were built at half-scale and designed for high ductility. The main difference between the two walls was their wall thickness. The project was chiefly focusing on the bending behavior in different directions and therefore the walls were subjected to a bi-directional loading regime. This article discusses the design of the test units, the test setup and the test predictions. Finally the main results are summarized in terms of failure mechanisms and force-displacement hystereses.


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