Journal article

Effects of low and high temperatures on tensile behavior of adhesively-bonded GFRP joints

The tensile behavior of adhesively-bonded double-lap joints composed of pultruded glass fiber-reinforced adherends and an epoxy adhesive was investigated under temperatures ranging between -35°C and 60°C. The load-elongation response was influenced primarily by the thermomechanical behavior of the adhesive and much less so by that of the adherends. For temperatures above the adhesive glass transition temperature, strength and stiffness decreased with the former being less affected than the latter. The failure mechanism changed with increasing temperature from fiber-tear to adhesive failure. The crack initiation loads were unaffected as long as the temperature remained below the adhesive glass transition temperature. However, the crack propagation rate was higher at low temperatures. Critical strain energy release rates for crack initiation and propagation consistently rose as temperature increased. Modeling results obtained using existing empirical models and FEA compared well to the experimental data in the examined temperature range. [All rights reserved Elsevier].


Related material