Pif1, an evolutionarily conserved helicase, negatively regulates telomere length by removing telomerase from chromosome ends. Pif1 has also been implicated in DNA replication processes Such as Okazaki fragment maturation and replication fork pausing. We find that overexpression of Saccharomyces cervisiae results in dose-dependent. growth inhibition. Strong overexpression causes relocalization of the DNA damage response factors Rfa1 and Mre11 into nuclear foci and activation of the Rad53 DNA damage checkpoint kinase, indicating that. the toxicity is caused by accumulation of DNA-damage. We screened the complete set of similar to 4800 haploid gene deletion mutants and found that moderate overexpression of PIF1, which is only mildly toxic oil its own, causes growth defects in strains with Mutations in genes involved in DNA replication and the DNA damage response. Interestingly, we find that telomerase-deficient strains are also sensitive to PIF1 overexpression. Cur data are consistent with a model whereby increased levels of Pif1 interfere with DNA replication, causing collapsed replication forks. At chromosome ends, Collapsed forks result in truncated telomeres that must be rapidly elongated by telomerase to maintain viability.