Bit Precision Analysis for Compressed Sensing

This paper studies the stability of some reconstruction algorithms for compressed sensing in terms of the bit precision. Considering the fact that practical digital systems deal with discretized signals, we motivate the importance of the total number of accurate bits needed from the measurement outcomes in addition to the number of measurements. It is shown that if one uses a $2k \times n$ Vandermonde matrix with roots on the unit circle as the measurement matrix, $O(\ell + k \log \frac{n}{k})$ bits of precision per measurement are sufficient to reconstruct a $k$-sparse signal $x \in \R^n$ with dynamic range (i.e., the absolute ratio between the largest and the smallest nonzero coefficients) at most $2^\ell$ within $\ell$ bits of precision, hence identifying its correct support. Finally, we obtain an upper bound on the total number of required bits when the measurement matrix satisfies a restricted isometry property, which is in particular the case for random Fourier and Gaussian matrices. For very sparse signals, the upper bound on the number of required bits for Vandermonde matrices is shown to be better than this general upper bound.

Published in:
Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), 1--5
Presented at:
Seoul, Korea Republic, 2009
Year:
2009
Keywords:
Laboratories:

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