Generalized from of Telegrapher’s Equations for the Electromagnetic Field Coupling to Buried Wires of Finite Length
In this paper, a generalized form of telegrapher's equations for electromagnetic field coupling to buried wires is derived. The presented approach is based on thin-wire antenna theory. The effect of a dissipative half-space is taken into account via the reflection/transmission coefficient approximation. The conductor losses can be taken into account via the surface impedance per unit length. The derived equations are treated numerically via the Galerkin-Bubnov indirect boundary element method. Numerical results are presented for induced current along the wire, and compared with transmission-line (TL) and modified TL (MTL) approximations, respectively, for the case of perfectly conducting electrode buried in a lossy medium. It is shown that the TL and MTL approximations can result in an inaccurate induced current distribution along the conductor at HFs and for shorter electrode lengths, respectively.
Keywords: Antenna theory ; electromagnetic coupling ; lossy media ; radiation effects ; transmission-line (TL) modeling ; Lightning-Induced Disturbances ; Lossy Half-Space ; Cables ; Transient ; Validation ; Systems
Record created on 2009-08-26, modified on 2016-08-08