Cathode-supported micro-tubular SOFCs based on Nd1.95NiO4 + δ: Fabrication and characterisation of dip-coated electrolyte layers

Fabrication conditions to obtain dense electrolyte double layers on a porous micro-tubular cathode substrate were investigated. Porous tubes of a nickelate material, Nd1.95NiO4 + δ, were fabricated by cold-isostatic pressing (CIP) and sintering. Thin films of electrolyte powders Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (GDC) and Zr0.89Sc0.1Ce0.01O1.95 (SSZ) were applied by dip-coating in aqueous suspensions. Electrolyte powders had been attrition-milled to decrease their particle size and densification temperature. The quantity of polyacrylic acid (PAA) as dispersant was optimised by ζ-potential measurements. The densification behaviour was studied by dilatometry and SEM-imaging. A sintering temperature of 1250 °C was found to densify GDC whereas SSZ-layers remained slightly porous.


Published in:
Solid State Ionics, 180, 11-13, 805–811
Year:
2009
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 Record created 2009-08-18, last modified 2018-03-18

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