Extents of reaction and flow for homogeneous reaction systems with inlet and outlet streams
This paper proposes two transformations for homogeneous reaction systems with inlet and outlet streams that allow isolating three distinct parts of the state vector, namely, the reaction variants, the reaction invariants but inlet- ﬂow variants, and the reaction and inlet-ﬂow invariants. In the absence of an outlet stream, as in batch and semi-batch reactors, the ﬁrst transformation leads to the concepts of extents of reaction and extents of inlet ﬂow. For reaction systems with an outlet stream, the second transformation uses key components to decouple the variables and arrive at the new concepts of generalized extents of reaction and generalized extents of inlet ﬂow. These transformations are helpful to compute the reaction invariants for general open homogeneous reaction systems. Furthermore, the energy balance equation is shown to augment the number of reaction invariants by one. The various concepts are illustrated through the analysis of a simulated ethanolysis reaction.