KAP1 is an essential cofactor of KRAB zinc finger proteins, a family of vertebrate-specific epigenetic repressors of largely unknown functions encoded in the hundreds by the mouse and human genomes. So far, KRAB/KAP1-mediated gene regulation has been studied within the environment of chromosomal DNA. Here we demonstrate that KRAB/KAP1 regulation is fully functional within the context of episomal DNA, such as adeno-associated viral and nonintegrated lentiviral vectors, and is correlated with histone modifications typically associated with this epigenetic regulator.