Infoscience

Journal article

Stochastic modelling of prey depletion processes

The modelling of prey-predator interactions is of major importance for the understanding of population dynamics. Classically, these interactions are modelled using ordinary differential equations, but this has the drawbacks of assuming continuous population variables and of being deterministic. We propose a general approach to stochastic modelling based on the concept of functional response for a prey depletion process with a constant number of predators. Our model could involve any kind of functional response, and permits a likelihood-based approach to statistical modelling and stable numerical analysis based on matrix exponentials. To illustrate the method we use the Holling-Juliano functional response and compare the outcomes of our model with a deterministic counterpart considered by Schenk and Bacher (2002), who observed the depletion of Cassida rubiginosa due to its exclusive predator, Polistes dominulus. The predation was found to be Holling type III, reflecting the ability of the predator to regulate its prey. Our approach corroborates this result, but suggests that the prey depletion census should have been performed more often, and that predation features were significantly different between the two years for which data are available.

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