Fixed-Order H-infinity Controller Design via Convex Optimization Using an Alternative to Youla Prameterization
All H-infinity controllers of a SISO LTI system are parameterized thanks to the relation between Bounded Real Lemma and Positive Real Lemma and a new concept of strict positive realness of two transfer functions with the same Lyapunov matrix in the matrix inequality of the Kalman-Yakubovic-Popov lemma. This new parameterization shares the same features with Youla parameterization, namely on the convexity of H-infinity norm constraints for the closed-loop transfer functions. However, in contrary to Youla parameterization, it can deal with any controller order and any controller structure such as e.g. PID. The main feature of the proposed method is that it can be extended easily for the systems with polytopic uncertainty. This way, a convex inner approximation of all H-infinity controllers for polytopic systems is given, which can be enlarged by increasing the controller order. In order to design a low-order robust H-infinity controller with less conservatism, rank of the k-th Sylvester resultant matrix of the controller is made to be deficient via a convex approximation of the rank minimization problem. The effectiveness of the proposed method is shown via simulation results.