Infoscience

Journal article

Expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in normal human pancreatic islet cells

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Thiazolidinediones are reported to improve pancreatic islet morphology and beta-cell function in rodents, supporting the hypothesis of a direct action of thiazolidinediones on endocrine islet cells. In this study we examined the expression of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, a nuclear receptor that is activated by naturally occurring fatty acids and synthetic thiazolidinediones, in normal human endocrine pancreatic cells. METHODS: Human islets were isolated from pancreata harvested in ten brain-dead lean non-diabetic adult donors. We analysed the gene and protein expression of the human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and evaluated the effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist on insulin secretion in human islet preparations. RESULTS: The RT-PCR carried out on total RNA from four distinct human islet preparations demonstrated the presence of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma mRNA. Western blot analysis showed the consistent expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma protein. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma was shown to be present in all three endocrine cell types studied (alpha, beta and delta cells) by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: We found that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma is highly expressed in human islet endocrine cells, both at the mRNA and protein levels. These results support the hypothesis of a direct influence of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist on human pancreatic endocrine cells.

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