53BP1, the vertebrate ortholog of the budding yeast Rad9 and fission yeast Crb2/Rhp9 checkpoint proteins, is recruited rapidly to sites of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). A tandem tudor domain in human 53BP1 that recognizes methylated residues in the histone core is necessary, but not sufficient, for efficient recruitment. By analysis of deletion mutants, we identify here dditional elements in 53BP1 that facilitate recognition of DNA DSBs. The first element corresponds to an independently folding oligomerization domain. Replacement of this domain with heterologous tetramerization domains preserves the ability of 53BP1 to recognize DNA DSBs. A second element is only about 15 amino acids long and appears to be a C-terminal extension of the tudor domain, rather than an independently functioning domain. Recruitment of 53BP1 to sites of DNA DSBs is facilitated by histone H2AX phosphorylation and ubiquitination. However, none of the 53BP1 domains/ elements important for recruitment are known to bind phosphopeptides or ubiquitin, suggesting that histone phosphorylation and ubiquitination regulate 53BP1 recruitment to sites of DNA DSBs indirectly.