Experimental results of a 70 kA high temperature superconductor current lead demonstrator for the ITER magnet system
In the frame of the European Fusion Technology Programme, the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and the CRPP Villigen have designed and built a 70 kA current lead for the ITER TF Coils using High Temperature Superconductors (HTS). At the beginning of 2004 the HTS current lead was installed and tested in the TOSKA facility of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. The scope of the experiment was to characterize the current lead in steady state conditions and to explore the operation limits as well. For this, the temperature profile, the contact resistances, the heat load at 4.5 K, the required 50 K He mass flow rate, and the temperature margin were evaluated. The safety margin in case of a loss of He mass flow was studied, too. The paper describes the experimental results as well as the thermal and electrical models developed.