Infoscience

Journal article

MHD spectroscopy

Experiments are conducted on the JET tokamak to demonstrate the diagnostic potential of Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics (MHD) spectroscopy, for the plasma bulk and its suprathennal components, using Alfven eigenmodes (AEs) excited by external antennas and by energetic particles. The measurements of AE frequencies and mode numbers give information on the bulk plasma. Improved equilibrium reconstruction, in particular in. terms of radial profiles of density and safety factor, is possible from the comparison between the antenna driven spectrum and that calculated theoretically. Details of the time evolution of the non-monotonic safety factor profile in advanced scenarios are reconstructed from the frequency behaviour of ICRH-driven energetic particle modes. The plasma effective mass is inferred from the resonant frequency of externally driven AEs in discharges with similar equilibrium profiles. The stability thresholds and the nonlinear development of the instabilities give clues on energy and spatial distribution of the fast particle population. The presence of unstable AEs provides lower limits in the energy of ICRH generated fast ion tails. Fast ion pressure gradients and their evolution are inferred from the stability of AEs at different plasma radial positions. Finally, the details of the AE spectrum in the nonlinear stage are used to obtain information about the fast particle velocity space diffusion.

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