Susceptibility to Scrapie in Mice Is Dependent on Prpc

Mice devoid of functional PrP genes (Prn-p(0/0) mice) showed normal development and behaviour. When inoculated with mouse scrapie prions they remained free of scrapie symptoms for at least 18 months whereas wild-type controls all died within 6 months. No propagation of infectivity could be detected in the PrP null mice. Surprisingly, heterozygous Prn-p(0/+) mice also showed enhanced resistance to scrapie. After introduction of Syrian hamster PrP transgenes, Prn-p(0/0) mice became highly susceptible to hamster but not to mouse prions. These experiments show that PrPC, possibly at close to normal levels, is required for the usual susceptibility to scrapie and that lack of homology between incoming prions and the host's PrP genes retards disease.

Published in:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 343, 1306, 431-433
Weissmann, C. Univ Zurich,Inst Molek Biol 1,Ch-8093 Zurich,Switzerland

 Record created 2007-12-12, last modified 2020-07-30

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