Journal article

Evidence for d Orbital Aromaticity in Square Planar Coinage Metal Clusters

Quant. evidence for the existence of aromaticity involving the d orbitals of transition metals is provided for the first time. The doubly bridged square planar (D4h) coinage metal clusters (M4Li2, M = Cu (1), Ag (2), and Au (3)) are characterized as arom. by their substantial nucleus independent chem. shifts (NICS) values in the centers (-14.5, -14.1, and -18.6, resp.). Nevertheless, the participation of p orbitals in the bonding (and cyclic electron delocalization) of 1-3 is negligible. Instead, these clusters benefit strongly from the delocalization of d and to some extent s orbitals. The same conclusion applies to Tsipis and Tsipis' H-bridged D4h Cu4H4 ring (4). Canonical MO-NICS anal. of structures 1-3 shows the total diatropic d orbital contributions to the total NICS to be substantial, although the individual contributions of the five sets of filled d orbitals vary. The d orbital aromaticity of Cu4Li2 also is indicated by its atomization energy, 243.2 kcal/mol, which is larger than Boldyrev's doubly (sigma and pi) arom. Al4Li2 (215.9 kcal/mol). [on SciFinder (R)]


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