000112687 001__ 112687
000112687 005__ 20190117191537.0
000112687 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1177/0959683607085123
000112687 02470 $$2ISI$$a000252593700011
000112687 037__ $$aARTICLE
000112687 245__ $$aPalaeoecological evidence for anthropogenic acidification of a kettle-hole peatland in northern Poland
000112687 269__ $$a2007
000112687 260__ $$c2007
000112687 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000112687 520__ $$aWe studied the Holocene developmental history of a small kettle-hole peatland in northern Poland using radiocarbon dating and analyses of pollen, plant macrofossils, and testate amoebae with the aim to sort out the influences of climate change, autogenic succession, and human impact. The mire followed the classical succession from lake to a Sphagnum-dominated peatland, but peat accumulation only started about 3000 years before present. A rapid shift to wetter conditions, lower pH, and higher peat accumulation rate took place about 110-150 years before present, when the vegetation shifted to a Sphagnum-dominated poor fen with some bog plants. While the first shift to a peat-accumulating system was most likely driven by climate, the second one was probably caused by forest clearance around the mire. This shift towards a Sphagnum-dominated vegetation mirrors both in pattern and timing the changes observed in similar situations in North America and New-Zealand. While human activities have overall caused the loss of vast expanses of peatlands worldwide in recent centuries, locally they may have also allowed the development of communities that are now ironically considered to have a high conservation value. However, in the case of the site studied and possibly elsewhere the likely anthropogenic shift to bog vegetation was at the expense of a species-rich poor fen, which today has even higher conservation value than ombrotrophic bogs. Thus this study also illustrates the value of palaeoecology for peatland management and biodiversity conservation.
000112687 6531_ $$aHolocene
000112687 6531_ $$apeat record
000112687 6531_ $$ahuman impact
000112687 6531_ $$ahydrology
000112687 6531_ $$apeat accumulation
000112687 6531_ $$avegetation succession
000112687 6531_ $$atestate amoebae
000112687 6531_ $$aforest management
000112687 6531_ $$aSphagnum
000112687 6531_ $$aecosystem resilience
000112687 6531_ $$athreshold
000112687 700__ $$aLamentowicz, M.
000112687 700__ $$aTobolski, K.
000112687 700__ $$aMitchell, E.A.D.
000112687 773__ $$j17$$tThe Holocene$$k8$$q1185-1196
000112687 909C0 $$xU11021$$0252129$$pECOS
000112687 909CO $$particle$$pENAC$$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:112687
000112687 937__ $$aECOS-ARTICLE-2007-035
000112687 973__ $$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000112687 980__ $$aARTICLE