Journal article

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes produced by a continuous CVD method and their use in melt mixed composites with polycarbonate

In this study, two samples of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) were synthesized by CVD of acetylene over Fe2Co catalysts supported by CaCO3 using different temperatures. The material produced at 660 �C (MWNT600) shows slightly better performance as evidenced by lower mean tube diameter and better conductivity as compared to the sample produced at 700 �C (MWNT700). In addition, it has a higher [O]:[C] ratio. Both materials were incorporated into polycarbonate using melt mixing using a small scale compounder. The results prove that these materials are very suitable for polymer composite applications as they show low electrical percolation concentration and good mechanical enhancement. The percolation threshold is as low as <0.875 wt% for MWNT660 and <1 wt% for MWNT700. MWNT700 showed slightly better dispersability as evidenced from light microscopy, SEM, and TEM. The effects in the stress-strain curves are similar in both composites, indicating a stress increase with MWNT incorporation.


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