Infoscience

Journal article

A variant of t-PA (T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA) that, by bolus, has increased potency and decreased systemic activation of plasminogen

In the accompanying paper, we reported that the properties of decreased plasma clearance rate, increased fibrin specificity, and resistance to inactivation by PAI-1 could be effectively combined in the t-PA variant T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA. In the current study we evaluated the in vivo efficacy of this variant as well as variants containing the individual mutations T103N and KHRR 296-299 AAAA. Plasma clearance and in vivo lysis of whole blood and platelet-rich clots were determined in a rabbit arterio-venous shunt model. The T103N containing variants were administered as an intravenous (i.v.) bolus. KHRR 296-299 AAAA and t-PA were infused i.v. over 90 min. The clearance rate of the KHRR 296-299 AAAA variant was similar to t-PA. However, the clearance of the T103N and T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA variants were 8 and 6-fold reduced, respectively. Potency of the variants relative to t-PA on whole blood clots ranged from 0.9 (T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA) to 1.7 (T103N). Relative potency on platelet-rich clots ranged from 2.4 (T103N) to 4.2 (T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA). Fibrinogen concentrations in rabbits 120 min after dosing with a 2.5 mg/kg bolus were: 24, 16, 82, and 77% of initial for t-PA; T103N; KHRR 296-299 AAAA; and T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA treatment groups, respectively. These results suggest that the T103N, KHRR 296-299 AAAA variant of t-PA, given as a bolus, could result in greater efficacy, particularly on refractory platelet-rich clots, without inducing the severe systemic lytic state produced by a bolus of a less fibrin specific variant.

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