Presentation / Talk

Chloride penetration model considering the microclimate

Two main factors govern the ingress of chloride ions into concrete reinforced with ordinary steel reinforcement, from de-icing salts: (1) the cover concrete (permeability, thickness), and (2) the microclimatic conditions (humidity, temperature, concentration of de-icing salts) at the concrete surface. A numerical model of chloride transport, taking into consideration environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, snow, rain and salt spreading), was used to predict the chloride profiles in concrete representative of that found in bridge element, for two types of exposure to water (splash, mist). This model was applied for two different regions in Switzerland: on the plateau in Lausanne, where there is a relatively mild winter climate and in the Alps where there is severe winter climate.


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