Journal article

On the evaluation of antenna-mode currents along transmission lines

In this paper, we derive an integral equation describing the antenna-mode currents along a two-wire transmission line (TL). We show that when the cross-sectional dimensions of the line are electrically small, the integral equation reduces to a pair of TL-like equations with equivalent line parameters (inductance and capacitance). The derived equations make it possible to compute the antenna-mode currents using any traditional TL coupling code with appropriate parameters. The derived equations are tested against numerical results obtained using numerical electromagnetics code (NEC), and reasonably good agreement is found


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