Infoscience

Thesis

Inversion de Fourier ponctuelle

Let f be an integrable function on RN, a a point in RN and B a complex number. If the mean value of f on the sphere of centre a and radius r tends to B when r tends to 0, we show that the Fourier integral at a of f is summable to B in Cesàro means of order λ > (N-1)/2. Let now U be a bounded open subset of RN whose boundary ∂U is a real analytic submanifold of RN with dimension N-1. We deduce from the preceding result that the Fourier integral at a of the indicator function of U is summable in Cesàro means of order λ > (N-1)/2 to 1 if a ∈ U, to 1/2 if a ∈ ∂U and to 0 if a ∉ U. We then show that if the function defined on ∂U by y → ‖ y - a ‖ has only a finite number of critical points, then we can take λ less or equal to (N-1)/2 ; more precisely, it suffices to have λ > (N-3)/2 + σ(a|∂U), where σ (a|∂U) < 0 is the maximum of the oscillatory indices associated to the critical points of y → ‖ y - a ‖ ; this generalizes results obtained by Pinsky, Taylor and Popov in 1997. Finally, writing μ∂U for the natural measure supported by ∂U, P(D) for a differential operator with constant coefficients of order m and b for a C∞ function on RN, we show that, if a is a point outside ∂U such that ‖ y - a ‖ has only a finite number of critical points on ∂U, the Fourier integral at a of the distribution P(D) bμ∂U is summable to 0 in Cesàro means of order λ > (N-1)/2 + m + σ (a|∂U) ; this generalizes a result obtained by Gonzàlez Vieli in 2002.

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