Ultrathin polypeptide multilayer films are assembled by the sequential electrostatic adsorption of monolayers of poly-L-lysine and poly-L-glutamic acid onto carboxylic acid terminated alkanethiol-modified gold surfaces. The polypeptide multilayer films are hydrophilic, can incorporate electroactive species such as ferri/ferrocyanide, and are stable when immersed in organic solvents such as 1,2-dichloroethane. Cadmium selenide quantum dots stabilized by negatively charged citrate groups are electrostatically attached to the multilayer film assembly in order to act as photoactive species. Photocurrent responses originating from the CdSe sensitized ultrathin multilayer film are investigated as functions of the applied potential, the thickness of the film and the presence of quenchers in the organic phase. A theoretical model is proposed in order to analyze the kinetics of the photoinduced electron-transfer reactions and to probe the potential distribution within the film.